Data Center Basics

Data Center BasicsIn this post, we will cover what an oklahoma city data center is and why most IT managers, and even the CIOs, care about it so much. So, think of a data center taking an analogy of manufacturing unit. It is a factory which takes a lot of different raw material as import and produces an outport, which is the finished product. Say, for example, you are producing shoes from Nike.

You would take a number of different raw materials and produce an outport. Similar to that, a data center is a manufacturing unit. The raw material which goes into it is a number of different software/hardware components and what comes out of it is the finished product, which is data, the information you consume every day through smart phones, desktops, or laptops across the enterprise. And that is what a data center really is. So, let’s talk about some of the key things the CIOs are focusing on today. There’s a number of different input cables, such as raw materials, which come into the data center. There’s very expensive floor space, whether you own it or you rent it to someone else. There’s cooling to keep the server at the right temperature.

There’s electricity to keep it up and running. And then, of course, there are three important components which are more expensive: software, hardware, and services. By software, I really mean all the application software, the database, the operating system, the hypervisors. In the case of hardware, it’s the storage servers and their working gear which is deployed all across the data center. And by services, I mean your own IT personnel, such as the system administrator, the database administrators, the network engineers, storage engineers, and so forth. It could be that somewhat else manages your data center.So that cost has to be included overall.

And what comes out of this data center is data. And this is the finished product that all of us consume. There are close to billions of these devices floating around across the world today. So, what’s the focus for a CIO? This is his top priority. He wants to reduce the cost of producing data. And, as a result, he must reduce the cost of producing and including all these different raw materials. This is like the recipe in which you will have all these ingredients which go into producing information.

So, a CIO wants to do reduction. He wants to reduce the number of suppliers that he has to interact with. He has to reduce the number of different moving parts, which is different software and hardware components. And then, he has to also look at reducing downtime, making sure things are up and running; which is unplanned downtime as well as planned downtime.

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What You Need To Know About Data Center Power

Just like in any IT department, computing also requires power. The servers, CPUs, storage and memory cannot perform without power. A server that does not have power cannot perform its stipulated functions. For a long time now, large-scare computer systems have been in existence thus many people are familiar with data centers and how they work and why they need them. In the late 1940s, the computers were very large and this required that special rooms be set aside for them. Today there are PCs that require IT infrastructure with lots of hardware and these are referred to as data centers or server rooms. Data centers are commonly run by government agencies or large companies. In addition, they are currently being used for the provision of fast-growing solutions to privately owned business.

Computers need electricity among other things such as protection from thieves and people who manipulate the hardware intentionally. The data center contains buildings that host servers and equipment’s that require power. The electricity required is in the forms of Amps, Volts, OHMS and watts. Amps are the current electrons that pass through the lines. Volts are referred to as the pressure in layman’s language that pushes the amps. A high number of volts are good as they make sure that electricity is used effectively. OHMS is the resistance that slows down the current. Watts are the actual power that is used by a device, for instance by a server.

The data center is usually connected to two grid sectors that are separate and are operated by a local utility company. This is to make sure that if one of the grids fails, the power will still continue being supplied by the second one. The data center also has diesel generators that are always housed in a separate building. The generators produce megawatts that are enough to supply electricity to the data center in case there is an emergency. The generators are always stored in a heated state to ensure that they can be started up immediately in case an accident occurs. An outage in just one of the grids can trigger the generators to start automatically. The data center also contains block batteries that act as a backup system that ensure that the applications can run for 20 minutes. This ensures that power is provided from the time a blackout occurs up to when the generator starts.

Another unique feature is the power supply system. This system ensures that a person can repair work on the Internet without necessarily having to turn off all the databases, electrical equipment or the servers. The storage units contain redundant units that supply power that transform the voltage supplied from the two grids into the operating voltage. Another important activity is cooling the data center. The heating occurs when the processors generate heat. For effective cooling the servers are fitted in racks that look like shelves. Two racks are laid out in such a way that they face each other. Cool air is then blown through the racks and it disperses the heat that is produced by the servers. A one person access system that is operated by use of power ensures that only authorized persons have access to the data center.

Here is a picture graph that may help draw this out a little better:

Data Center Power Graph

The Challenges Facing IT Managers in Oklahoma

Server Colocation

There are many challenges that IT managers are facing in organizations. IT leaders are trying to find new techniques which are meant to ensure that costs are minimized, assets are optimized and services are improved for customer satisfaction. These are the reasons why data centre services such as colocation and managed services are on the rise. The main purpose of an Oklahoma colocation service provider is to ensure that ICT resources and assets are economized. Colocation can be defined as the situation where the service provider possesses and controls the data centre facilities which holds the customer’s IT paraphernalia.

Colocation is also referred to as co-lo data-centre services. It means that there is a third party provider letting out space in a specialty building for many customers in order to locate storage, servers, IT gears and other network equipment. The party that is involved in the process of colocation is responsible for purchases and installations of the auxiliary equipment. Network access is also provided by the colocation provider.

Colocation is very important as part of data entry services. Apart from reducing capital expenditure, colocation ensures that an organization focuses on the work done by its IT staff. This is contrary to focusing the infrastructure to do the task. If an organization was to opt for an in-house IT infrastructure, the cost that it would incur would be very high and unnecessary.

Today, it can be very costly to build a data entry centre which is about $1200/sq m. This has made many organizations consider the buy option. There are also relentless demands from customers questioning the capacity of the data centres. This mounting pressure forces the organization to outsource data entry centres from well-managed and efficient colocation centres.

The costs that are associated with administering internal data centres should be assessed keenly to ensure that they are worth. Other services which result from colocation include access to a unified global IP network, a bandwidth that has impressive speed, redundant network and power connections into the data centres, freedom of accessing and using one’s own equipment, guaranteed environment and architectural security as well as enhanced inexpensive service level agreement (SLA).

It is highly advisable to consider colocation as compared to the legacy data centres. This is because majority of the legacy data centres are poorly designed and too much electricity is consumed, there is also the aspect of centralization in colocation data entry centres which is not experienced in the legacy data entries.

If you need more information on how outsourcing your data storage to a third party, visit rack59.com/tulsa to learn about flexibility, server up-time and the importance of power infrastructure.

Data Center Security Features

Secure Data Center

Malware, hackers and other external sources are big threats to every data center in the world. Such threats have become common, meaning businesses should properly secure their IT assets effectively. Data centers with firewall protections and strong security are able to stop these threats, avoiding any damage to their IT assets, property and data. Data security is a great concern for people using colocation.

After all, your data is stored in a remote facility that you cannot control it. Luckily, data centers understand your concerns and they have measures to secure your data. Depending on your provider, there are different security features at your colocation facility depending on size and client needs. These features include:

Security guard: Many data centers have onsite security guards monitoring the place throughout the day and night. The guard is mandated to verify users’ identities and ensure only authorized people access the facility. They also ensure that the facility is free from people idling around and respond immediately to any potential problem.

Technicians Experts: These IT professionals are experienced with solving any technical hitches that are crucial to electronic devices. They can also be trusted to identify the best way to upgrade your servers. They are also very instrumental in monitoring the service part of the arrangement as they give you the updates. For example, they can relocate the domain of a user after noticing, to a safer web host to decrease cyber-attacks.

Secure Network LayoutUninterruptible Power Supply (UPS): In the event of power outage, this UPS will act as a backup power to your servers. This feature enables you to save your data in case of power outages.
Security Cameras: These cameras monitor all the servers’ onsite, including the entrances and exits. In case someone breaks into any of the facilities, the cameras will capture and the person responsible will be identified. These cameras are also important in fire detection since you can identify where the fire is emanating from in order to put it off quickly before it spreads.

UPS’s can be a bit confusing. Here’s a more detailed video:

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